Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 7 | Issue 2 | Jul-Dec 2022 | page: 22-26 | Prajakta Bhide , Sandeep V Vaidya [1,2]
Author: Prajakta Bhide , Sandeep V Vaidya [1,2]
 Department of Orthopaedics, Pinnacle Orthocentre Hospital, Thane, Maharashtra, India,
 Department of Orthopaedics, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Sandeep V Vaidya,
Department of Orthopaedics, Bai Jerbai Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Intoed and out-toed gait in children can occur due to foot deformities or torsional alignment of the femur and/or tibia. In most cases, these deformities are physiological and resolve with age. Physical examination consists of assessment of rotational profile of the lower limb which includes foot progression angle, torsional alignment of the femur and tibia, and foot shape. Few cases may be due to underlying pathological conditions which need to be identified and treated.
Keywords: in-toeing, out- toeing, torsional profile
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|How to Cite this article: Bhide P, Vaidya SV. In Toeing and Out Toeing in Children. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics Jul-Dec 2022;7(2):22-26.|