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Partial Rotator Cuff Tears: a review of the literature

Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 5 | Issue 2 |  July-Dec 2020 | page:30-34 | Stefania Kokkineli, Emmanouil Brilakis, Emmanouil Antonogiannakis


Author: Stefania Kokkineli [1], Emmanouil Brilakis [1], Emmanouil Antonogiannakis [1]

[1] Department of Orthopaedic, HYGEIA Hospital. MD. Erythrou Stavrou 4, Marousi 15123

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Stefania Kokkineli,
Department of Orthopaedic, HYGEIA Hospital. Athens, Greece
Address: Erythrou Stavrou 4, Marousi 15123. Greece
E-mail: stephaniekokkineli@gmail.com


Abstract

Partial- thickness rotator cuff tears are the most common cause of shoulder pain in adults and have been classified into subtypes according to location and depth. The frequency rate and tear size progression increase with age, tobacco use and medical comorbidities. Partial tears are divided into tears of acute, chronic or acute-on-chronic onset. Surgical treatment is indicated in symptomatic patients with persistent pain after failed conservative treatment of at least 3 months, mainly with tears that exceed 50% of the tendon thickness. Arthroscopic repair techniques include in situ and tear completion repair. Authors’ preferred technique for in situ repair is described followed by the postoperative rehabilitation protocol. The surgical techniques described have various advantages and disadvantages with regard to intra- operative complications, clinical outcomes, recovery time and re-tear rates which make it difficult to decide on which technique to use. The option is a matter of surgical indications, philosophy and skills.
Keywords: Partial-thickness rotator cuff tears, transtendon repair, in-situ repair, shoulder, arthroscopy


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How to Cite this article: Kokkineli S, Brilakis E, Antonogiannakis E. Partial Rotator Cuff Tears: a review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics July-Dec 2020;5(2):30-34.

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Posterior shoulder instability

Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 5 | Issue 1 |  Jan-Jun 2020   | page: 31-35 | E. Taverna, A.Spreafico, C. Perfetti, V. Guarrella


Author: E. Taverna [1], A.Spreafico [1,2], C. Perfetti [1], V. Guarrella [1]

[1] IRCCS Istituto ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy
[2] Università degli studi di Milano, Scuola di specializzazione in Ortopedia e Traumatologia

Address of Correspondence
Dr. E. Taverna,
IRCCS Istituto ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy
E-mail: vguarrella@hotmail.com


Abstract

Normally, shoulder movements are well balanced through an interplay between static structures (bone and soft tissues as capsule, ligaments and labrum) and muscular dynamic stabilizers (muscles and tendons). Dysfunction of one or more of these components due to an injury, degeneration or congenital abnormalities may lead to shoulder instability with concomitant pain and dysfunction. This article provides an overview of the soft tissue and bony anatomy of the shoulder joint and pathopysiology of shoulder instability. It also covers the important aspects of clinical examination and special test for diagnosis of shoulder instability. A brief over view of conservative and surgical management protocols for shoulder instability are also covered in view of recent literature and authors experience.
Keywords: Posterior shoulder instability, conservative treament, Surgical management, arthroscopy.


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How to Cite this article: Taverna E, Spreafico A, Perfetti C, Guarrella V. Posterior shoulder instability. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics Jan-June 2020;5(1):31-35.

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