Home based unsupervised rehabilitation protocol following rotator cuff repair has good outcomes: A prospective study

Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 6 | Issue 2 |  July-Dec 2021 | page:12-15 | Rohan A Habbu

Author: Rohan A Habbu

[1] Department of Upper Limb Surgery, Prime Health Clinic Ground floor, Ram Janki Apts Subhash Road, Vile Parle East, Mumbai 400057, India

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Rohan A Habbu,
Department of Upper Limb Surgery, Prime Health Clinic Ground floor,
Ram Janki Apts Subhash Road, Vile Parle East, Mumbai 400057, India


Background: Rehabilitation after rotator cuff repair achieves good results but it involves time and costs. A simple home based program will reduce costs, time to travel and chance of exposure in a pandemic scenario. The objective of the study was to assess outcomes of home based rehabilitation protocol following rotator cuff repair.
Methods: This was a prospective study of 42 patients who underwent rotator cuff repair followed by an unsupervised home based rehabilitation protocol. The tears were identified using clinical examination and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The cuff repair was done with mini open incision technique. The patients were taught an exercise protocol, which they did by themselves at home. There was no daily supervision by the treating surgeon or a physiotherapist. The study measured pain scores, return to work, range of motion and failures at one year.
Results: Mean duration of followup was 14 months. Visual Analogue Score for pain improved from preoperative mean 7.5 to followup mean 1.3. Disability of the Arm, Hand and Shoulder score, measured in 26 patients improved from preoperative mean 33.2 to followup mean 4.5. Range of motion improved in 39 patients. Cuff strength was normal in 39 patients. 37 patients returned to full work by three months. There were three failures with one patient developing significant stiffness and two patients showing a retear. The retear was seen in patients with large retracted tears and the repair was done under tension.
Conclusion: Home based exercise protocol for postoperative rehabilitation in rotator cuff repairs can achieve good results in carefully selected patients. The study does not recommend this for large tears with difficult repairs. Since the patients are doing the postoperative rehabilitation at home, this reduces the costs, time lost in travel and exposure to external factors.
Keywords: Rotator cuff, mini open repair, unsupervised rehabilitation, motion


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How to Cite this article: Habbu RA. Home based unsupervised rehabilitation protocol following rotator
cuff repair has good outcomes: A prospective study. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics July-Dec 2021;6(2):12-15.

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History and Future Direction of Superior Capsule Reconstruction for Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears

Vol 3 | Issue 2 |  July-Dec 2018 | Page 12-15 | Teruhisa Mihata.

Authors: Teruhisa Mihata [1,2,3].

[1] Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan
[2] Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Congress Medical Foundation, Pasadena, California, USA
[3] Katsuragi Hospital, Kishiwada, Osaka, Japan

Address of Correspondence
Dr. TeruhisaMihata,
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-8686, Japan


Lesions of the superior shoulder capsule had been a neglected entity before I reported my technique for superior capsule reconstruction (SCR).I had noticed that patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears always had irreparable defects of the superior shoulder capsule as well as the rotator cuff tendons, because the superior shoulder capsule is attached to the undersurface of these tendons. Therefore, I hypothesized that reconstruction of the superior shoulder capsule might be useful to prevent superior migration of the humeral head and subacromial impingement in irreparable rotator cuff tears. To prove my hypothesis, our group performed a cadaveric biomechanical study in 2005. This biomechanical study showed that SCR completely restored superior stability of the glenohumeral joint, whereas patch grafting to the supraspinatus tendon (conventional patch graft surgery) only partially restored superior translation to the intact level. Consequently, in 2007,we started arthroscopic SCR for patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears. From our 10 years of experience with SCR, we conclude that arthroscopic SCR restores superior glenohumeral stability and improves shoulder function in irreparable rotator cuff tears.
Keywords: Irreparable, Reconstruction, Rotator Cuff, Shoulder, Superior capsule


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How to Cite this article: Mihata T. History and Future Direction of Superior Capsule Reconstruction for Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics July-Dec 2018; 3(2):12-15.

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