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Partial Rotator Cuff Tears: a review of the literature

Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 5 | Issue 2 |  July-Dec 2020 | page:30-34 | Stefania Kokkineli, Emmanouil Brilakis, Emmanouil Antonogiannakis


Author: Stefania Kokkineli [1], Emmanouil Brilakis [1], Emmanouil Antonogiannakis [1]

[1] Department of Orthopaedic, HYGEIA Hospital. MD. Erythrou Stavrou 4, Marousi 15123

Address of Correspondence
Dr. Stefania Kokkineli,
Department of Orthopaedic, HYGEIA Hospital. Athens, Greece
Address: Erythrou Stavrou 4, Marousi 15123. Greece
E-mail: stephaniekokkineli@gmail.com


Abstract

Partial- thickness rotator cuff tears are the most common cause of shoulder pain in adults and have been classified into subtypes according to location and depth. The frequency rate and tear size progression increase with age, tobacco use and medical comorbidities. Partial tears are divided into tears of acute, chronic or acute-on-chronic onset. Surgical treatment is indicated in symptomatic patients with persistent pain after failed conservative treatment of at least 3 months, mainly with tears that exceed 50% of the tendon thickness. Arthroscopic repair techniques include in situ and tear completion repair. Authors’ preferred technique for in situ repair is described followed by the postoperative rehabilitation protocol. The surgical techniques described have various advantages and disadvantages with regard to intra- operative complications, clinical outcomes, recovery time and re-tear rates which make it difficult to decide on which technique to use. The option is a matter of surgical indications, philosophy and skills.
Keywords: Partial-thickness rotator cuff tears, transtendon repair, in-situ repair, shoulder, arthroscopy


References

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How to Cite this article: Kokkineli S, Brilakis E, Antonogiannakis E. Partial Rotator Cuff Tears: a review of the literature. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics July-Dec 2020;5(2):30-34.

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History and Future Direction of Superior Capsule Reconstruction for Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears

Vol 3 | Issue 2 |  July-Dec 2018 | Page 12-15 | Teruhisa Mihata.


Authors: Teruhisa Mihata [1,2,3].

[1] Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan
[2] Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Congress Medical Foundation, Pasadena, California, USA
[3] Katsuragi Hospital, Kishiwada, Osaka, Japan

Address of Correspondence
Dr. TeruhisaMihata,
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-8686, Japan
Email: tmihata@yahoo.co.jp, tmihata@osaka-med.ac.jp


Abstract

Lesions of the superior shoulder capsule had been a neglected entity before I reported my technique for superior capsule reconstruction (SCR).I had noticed that patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears always had irreparable defects of the superior shoulder capsule as well as the rotator cuff tendons, because the superior shoulder capsule is attached to the undersurface of these tendons. Therefore, I hypothesized that reconstruction of the superior shoulder capsule might be useful to prevent superior migration of the humeral head and subacromial impingement in irreparable rotator cuff tears. To prove my hypothesis, our group performed a cadaveric biomechanical study in 2005. This biomechanical study showed that SCR completely restored superior stability of the glenohumeral joint, whereas patch grafting to the supraspinatus tendon (conventional patch graft surgery) only partially restored superior translation to the intact level. Consequently, in 2007,we started arthroscopic SCR for patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears. From our 10 years of experience with SCR, we conclude that arthroscopic SCR restores superior glenohumeral stability and improves shoulder function in irreparable rotator cuff tears.
Keywords: Irreparable, Reconstruction, Rotator Cuff, Shoulder, Superior capsule


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How to Cite this article: Mihata T. History and Future Direction of Superior Capsule Reconstruction for Irreparable Rotator Cuff Tears. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics July-Dec 2018; 3(2):12-15.

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