Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 8 | Issue 1 | Jan-Jun 2023 | page: 01 | Dr. Nicholas Antao, Dr. Ashok Shyam
Author: Dr. Nicholas Antao , Dr. Ashok Shyam 
 Department of Orthopaedics, Hill Way Clinic, Hill N Dale Building, 4th Floor, Hill Road, Bandra West, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
 Department of Orthopaedics, Sancheti Institute for Orthopaedics and Rehablitation, Pune, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Nicholas Antao,
Head of Department of Orthopaedics, Holy Spirit Hospital, Mahakali Road, Andheri (E), Mumbai – 400093, Maharashtra, India.
Our last WIROC-22 issue was mainly on paediatrics articles from a well written, accepted and acclaimed symposium on “Office Orthopaedics in Paediatrics” This issue contains thought provoking articles that were not covered earlier in that symposium.
Whereas anterior knee pain in adults is quite complex, similar pain in the paediatrics age can be quite perplexing. A well written article here will help you to gather your thoughts and make precision diagnosis.
Any deformity in the child is quite disabling and depressing for the parent that they very keen to get treatment to correct the same as early as possible. Can you imagine the agony of the parent when their child has such a deformity congenital or acquired and they would be very keen to do everything on earth to free the child of the same? The role of braces is well discussed in this issue and will be very helpful in guiding them to avoid their fear.
Flat feet are a common entity often worrying the parent, that their ward is not walking properly, complaining about pain while walking, running or the shoes get worn out fast. The most information given in the article is to understand the difference between rigid flat feet and correctible flat feet and the associated tight tissues and joints to be notably corrected.
CTEV is a common congenital deformity of the feet and the evolution of Ponsetti’s method with Pirani’s score helps you to understand deeper into the problem and the knowledge how to correct the deformity through serial manipulation and plastering. The author has described the method very succinctly.
We all know how difficult is to get rid of pain of gouty arthritis with allopathic medicine and even surgical methods often do not give the desired results to make patient pain-free of the ailment. A multicentric study revealed that herbal therapy is more effective than allopathic therapy is very interesting and informative. Another multicentric review on non-operative treatment of early osteoarthrosis is interesting is indeed very interesting with Orthobiologics playing a major role in defining the its role and how effective it can be in the initial stages.
We are happy that this issue has multicentric study reviews which is very encouraging and the most important factor to take indexing of the journal to a higher level.
All of us are aware of how much the COVID took the toll of medical and para medics life, inter personal relationships, workplace issue and various other problems in the management of this pandemic. The article Burnout in COVID-19 residency highlighted the innumerable problems and issues the resident faced in tackling the pandemic. They concluded that the educators should consider pertinent instruction and interventions during the process of instructing resident doctors which is vital to save the life of the patient, resident, paramedics and better management of the patient and the burn out. An interesting, rare case report on giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath is very informative.
Finally, the article on prevention of sports injuries is an eye opener to counsel patients with sports injuries to prevent further deterioration of the injury.
Dr. Nicholas Antao,
Dr. Ashok Shyam.
|How to Cite this article: Antao N, Shyam A. Editorial. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics Jan-Jun 2023;8(1):01.|
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 8 | Issue 1 | Jan-Jun 2023 | page: 02-07 | I Putu Arya Agung Pratama, I Wayan Subawa
Author: I Putu Arya Agung Pratama  I Wayan Subawa 
 Department of Orthopedics, General Practitioner, Faculty of Medicine Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia,
 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, General Hospital Prof. dr. IGNG Ngoerah, Faculty of Medicine Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. I Putu Arya Agung Pratama,
Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali.
Introduction: Gout is a common arthritis condition due to deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) and is closely related to hyperuricemia. The goal of gout treatment in the acute stage of gouty arthritis mainly focuses on relieving pain while slowing down or stopping progression and further gout flares in the chronic stage, ultimately improving joint function, and increasing the quality of life.
Materials and Methods: A literature search was carried out to determine potential studies for this review up to November 2022. The search was performed using the PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar databases including keywords that matched the MeSH rule and the term used for herbal therapy and gout arthritis.
Results: The search strategy generated several diverse literatures presenting a variety of randomized control trial of herbal therapy in gout arthritis patient. A total of eight studies were included in the review. Satisfactory pain relieve and decreasing of serum uric acid level were found in most of the studies. Decreasing of serum uric acid level statistically significantly found in six of the eight studies studied. Furthermore, significant fewer incident of adverse event found in four studies.
Conclusion: Herbal therapy or medication are potentially more effective than western medications or placebos at slowing the progression of pain, lowering blood uric acid levels, and preventing some adverse events in gout patients.
Keywords: Arthritis, gout, herbal therapy, progression, uric acid level.
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|How to Cite this article: Pratama IPAA, Subawa IW. Gout Arthritis Progression in Treatment with Herbal Therapy: A Systematic Review. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics Jan-Jun 2023;8(1):02-07.|
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 8 | Issue 1 | Jan-Jun 2023 | page: 08-17 | Rohan G Reddy, YuChia Wang, Ryan Scully, Savyasachi C Thakkar
Author: Rohan G Reddy , YuChia Wang , Ryan Scully , Savyasachi C Thakkar 
 Orthopaedic Research Collaborative (ORC); Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States, ,
 Orthopaedic Research Collaborative (ORC);Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, United States,
 Orthopaedic Research Collaborative (ORC); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, Oceanside, California, United States,
 Orthopaedic Research Collaborative (ORC); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Rohan G Reddy,
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States.
Introduction: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the most common joint diseases in the world, such that there exists a variety of treatment methods, ranging from conservative treatments such as physical therapy and weight loss to total replacement of the diseased joint. Invasive non-arthroplasty treatment methods are growing in popularity and this review aims to explore the current literature. Better understanding of these alternatives could allow orthopedic surgeons and primary care providers to offer poor arthroplasty candidates meaningful symptomatic relief.
Materials and Methods: A literature review using PubMed, Google Scholar, and SCOPUS was performed to examine the following invasive non-arthroplasty treatment options: Corticosteroid injections (CS), viscosupplementation, platelet-rich plasma injections, stem cell injections, ozone therapy, prolotherapy, radiofrequency nerve ablation (RFA), arthroscopy, and osteotomy. Articles with complete data on the outcomes following these treatment methods were included in the study.
Results: CSs showed strong efficacy in providing short-term pain relief, while viscosupplementation and platelet-rich plasma have shown to be effective in long-term management as well. Aside from the more common injectable treatment options, newer options such as stem cell injection and ozone therapy have shown clinical efficacy while prolotherapy and RFA are still early-stage treatment options. Still, further studies are required to better assess these emerging therapies. Operatively, arthroscopic surgery has shown to be minimally effective while osteotomy demonstrated effective pain and functional improvement.
Conclusion: Multiple therapeutic options exist for invasive management of KOA to a different degree of effectiveness and efficacy. We have analyzed the outcomes of multiple invasive non-arthroplasty treatment options for KOA. This review can better inform patients and surgeons of the pros and cons of different KOA treatment methods. Newer conservative options may have positive clinical implications but will require further investigation. Operative alternatives to arthroplasty can provide symptomatic relief but may increase the associated risk and complexity should the need for arthroplasty ever arises.
Keywords: Total knee arthroplasty, injections, radiofrequency nerve ablation, arthroscopy, osteotomy.
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|How to Cite this article: Reddy RG, Wang Y, Scully R, Thakkar SC. Invasive Non-arthroplasty Treatment Options for Knee Osteoarthritis: Review. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics Jan-Jun 2023;8(1):08-17.|
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 8 | Issue 1 | Jan-Jun 2023 | page: 18-24 | Sachin Kale, Pratik Dhabalia, Ajit Chalak, Abhiraj Patel, Abhineet Chand, Sonali Das
Author: Sachin Kale , Pratik Dhabalia , Ajit Chalak , Abhiraj Patel , Abhineet Chand , Sonali Das 
 Department of Orthopaedics, DY Patil Medical College and Hospital, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Abhiraj Patel,
Department of Orthopaedics, DY Patil Medical College and Hospital, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Introduction: Burnout is a syndrome denoting the outcome of chronic work stress which has not been managed successfully. Burnout has only sometimes been at the forefront of studies in healthcare, where patient care and management have received more attention. This study focuses particularly on burnout of residents and healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic that has changed the working environment.
Material and Methods: Questionnaires in the form of surveys have been used to receive feedback regarding work experience within the bubble of isolation and high patient load unique to COVID-19 pandemic. A full and complete analysis of the research is provided after the definition, description, and measurement of burnout are given.
Results: According to a review of the burnout literature, burnout affects medical students, residents, and practicing doctors, with prevalence rates ranging from 28% to 45% for each group. First-year residency during the COVID-19 pandemic, in particular, is plagued with unmanageable burnout symptoms and a depleted support system. Burnout among residents is said to be caused by time demands, a lack of control, poor work organization, naturally challenging employment settings, and interpersonal connections. Workplace solutions might take the form of burnout education, workload adjustments, diversifying job roles, stress management training, mentorship, emotional intelligence seminars, and training in emotional intelligence. In addition, developing interpersonal and professional relationships, meditation, therapy, and exercise are examples of self-directed behavioral, social, and physical activities..
Conclusion: Educators should consider including pertinent instructions and interventions during the process of instructing resident doctors. In addition, they should actively become aware of burnout. Early detection aids in better management of burnout.
Keywords: burnout, COVID-19, residency, work-life balance.
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|How to Cite this article: Kale S, Dhabalia P, Chalak A, Patel A, Chand A, Das S. Burnout in COVID-19 Residency. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics Jan-Jun 2023;8(1):18-24.|
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 8 | Issue 1 | Jan-Jun 2023 | page: 25-31 | Tushar Agarwal, Pooja Suratwala
Author: Tushar Agarwal , Pooja Suratwala 
 Aastha Hospital, 65 Balasinor Society, SV Road Kandivali West, Mumbai 67 India,
 Clinical Fellow Paediatric Orthopaedics, Aastha Hospital, Kandivali, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Tushar Agrawal,
Aastha Hospital, 65 Balasinor Society, SV Road Kandivali West, Mumbai 67, India.
Anterior knee pain in children above 10 years of age is a part of every orthopaedic surgeon OPD practice. Osgood-Schlatter disease is the most common cause in skeletal of immature athletic children. It is a condition, in which the patellar tendon insertion on the tibial tuberosity becomes inflamed. It tends to occur more commonly in boys and it occurs in the second decade of life ( 10-15 years). It is a self limiting condition and and occurs secondary to repetitive extensor mechanism stress activities such as jumping and sprinting. OSD is a clinical diagnosis, and only radiographic evaluation may be done to confirm the diagnosis. Pain level dictates overall treatment, and management includes symptomatic treatment with ice and NSAIDs, as well as activity modification. & relative rest from inciting activities in association with lower extremities stretching exercises. In this paper we discuss the etiology, presentation, evaluation, and management of osgood schlatter disease.
Keywords: osgood Schlatter disease , osteochondritis, anterior knee pain.
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|How to Cite this article: Agarwal T, Suratwala P. When All Is Not Good – Managing an Adolescent with Osgood–Schlatter Disease. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics Jan-Jun 2023;8(1):25-31.|
Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics | Vol 8 | Issue 1 | Jan-Jun 2023 | page: 32-37 | Binoti Sheth
Author: Binoti Sheth 
 Department of Orthopaedics, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Binoti Sheth, MS, DNB, FCPS, D. Orth.
Professor and Head of Unit, Department of Orthopaedics, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General
Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India.
Angular deformities around the knee in children are common presentations in day to day practice. While some of the deformities are physiological that need careful observation, the others are pathological and need timely medical or surgical intervention. Systematic evaluation of the deformity is the first step in making the correct decision about the management. The right choice of treatment, the correct timing and perfect execution of the technique are necessary for optimum outcome. This article describes the aetiology, clinicoradiological evaluation and management of angular deformities around the knee in children.
Keywords: Knee, Angular deformity, Children.
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|How to Cite this article: Sheth B. Non Standard Deviation – Managing angular deformities around the knee in young agee. Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics Jan-Jun 2023;8(1):32-37.|